Buší: The Traditional Czech Folk Dance


Buší is a traditional Czech folk dance that has been passed down through generations. It is a lively and energetic dance that is often performed at weddings, festivals, and other celebrations. The word “buší” translates to “beating” or “pounding” in English, which perfectly describes the rhythmic movements of this dance. In this article, we will explore the history, steps, and significance of buší in Czech culture.

History of Buší

The origins of buší can be traced back to the 16th century in the Czech region of Moravia. It was originally a dance performed by peasants during harvest festivals as a way to celebrate the end of a successful harvest season. Over time, It became popular among all social classes and spread throughout the Czech Republic.

During the 19th century, buší underwent some changes and evolved into a more structured dance with specific steps and formations. It also became a part of the Czech national identity and was often performed at cultural events and festivals. Today, buší is still widely practiced and cherished as an important part of Czech heritage.

Traditional Steps of Buší

Buší is a couple dance, with partners facing each other and holding hands. The dance is characterized by its fast-paced footwork and lively music. The basic steps of It include:

  • Step-hop: This is the most common step in It, where one foot is placed forward while the other foot hops behind it.
  • Grapevine: In this step, the dancer crosses one foot behind the other and then steps to the side, followed by another cross and step.
  • Pivot turn: This step involves pivoting on one foot while the other foot stays in place.
  • Spin: A fun and energetic move, where the dancers spin around while holding hands.

Apart from these basic steps, there are also variations and combinations that can be added to the dance, making it more complex and exciting.

Traditional Music of Buší

Buší is usually accompanied by traditional Czech music, which is played on instruments such as the accordion, violin, and clarinet. The music is fast-paced and lively, with a strong beat that encourages dancers to move their feet quickly. The most common type of music used for It is polka, but other traditional folk songs may also be used.

Significance of Buší in Czech Culture

It holds a special place in Czech culture and is considered an important part of the country’s heritage. It is not just a dance, but a way for people to connect with their roots and celebrate their traditions.

Traditional Costumes for Buší

One of the most striking aspects of buší is the traditional costumes worn by the dancers. The women wear long, colorful skirts with intricate embroidery, while the men wear white shirts, black vests, and dark pants. Both men and women wear red scarves around their necks, which add a pop of color to the outfit. These costumes are a reflection of the rich history and culture of the Czech Republic and add to the overall charm of the dance.

Preservation of Buší

In recent years, there has been a renewed interest in preserving and promoting traditional Czech folk dances like It. Various organizations and groups have been formed to teach and perform these dances, ensuring that they are not forgotten. There are also annual festivals and competitions dedicated to it, where dancers from different regions come together to showcase their skills and keep the tradition alive.

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FAQs about Buší

What is the meaning of buší?

The word “buší” translates to “beating” or “pounding” in English, which describes the rhythmic movements of this dance.

Is buší only performed by couples?

Yes, it is a couple dance where partners face each other and hold hands while dancing.

Can anyone learn buší?

Yes, anyone can learn it regardless of age or gender. It is a fun and energetic dance that can be enjoyed by people of all ages.

Are there any special occasions where buší is performed?

It is often performed at weddings, festivals, and other celebrations as a way to celebrate Czech culture and traditions.

How can I learn buší?

There are various organizations and groups that offer classes and workshops for learning it. You can also find instructional videos and tutorials online.


Buší is more than just a traditional Czech folk dance; it is a symbol of the country’s rich history and culture. It has stood the test of time and continues to be an integral part of Czech celebrations and events. Through its lively music and energetic steps, It brings people together and celebrates the spirit of community and tradition. As long as there are people who are passionate about preserving this dance, It will continue to thrive and be a cherished part of Czech heritage.

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